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Quick facts about Acne


  • Acne is a skin condition that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles.
  • It affects three in every four people aged 11 to 30 years.
  • It is not dangerous but the skin scarring can affect self-esteem.
  • Treatment depends on how severe and persistent it is.
  • Risk factors include genetics, the menstrual cycle, anxiety and stress, hot and humid climates, using oil-based makeup, and squeezing pimples.


Acne is chronic, inflammatory skin condition due to overactive sebaceous glands.

It occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads, cysts, nodules or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

Depending on its severity, acne can cause emotional distress and scar the skin. The earlier you start treatment, the lower your risk of such problems.

A range of factors triggers acne, but the main cause is thought to be a rise in androgen levels.

Androgen is a type of hormone, the levels of which rise when adolescence begins. In women, it gets converted into estrogen.

Rising androgen levels cause the oil glands under the skin to grow. The enlarged gland produces more sebum which can break down cellular walls in the pores, causing bacteria to grow.

Other possible triggers:

  • Some medications that contain androgen and lithium
  • Greasy cosmetics
  • Hormonal changes
  • Emotional stress
  • Menstruation

At Biodermal we offer and affordable acne programme without the use of medication.

We use our technology base equipment in conjunction with products to assist our clients to combat the woes of acne.

  • Wash your face no more than twice each day with warm water and mild soap
  • Do not scrub the skin or burst the pimples
  • Avoid popping pimples, as this makes scarring likelier.
  • Refrain from touching the face.
  • Wash hands frequently, especially before applying lotions, creams, or makeup.
  • Clean spectacles regularly as they collect sebum and skin residue.
  • If acne is on the back, shoulders, or chest, try wearing loose clothing to let the skin breathe.
  • Choose makeup for sensitive skin and avoid oil-based products. Remove makeup before sleeping.
  • Use an electric shaver or sharp safety razors when shaving.
  • Keep hair clean, as it collects sebum and skin residue.
  • Avoid excessive sun exposure, as it can cause the skin to produce more sebum.
  • Avoid anxiety and stress, as it can increase production of cortisol and adrenaline, which exacerbate acne.
  • Try to keep cool and dry in hot and humid climates, to prevent sweating.

Since everyone gets acne at some time, the right time to treat it is when it becomes bothersome or when the potential for scarring develops. This can be when severe acne flares suddenly, for mild acne that just won’t go away, or even when a single pimple decides to show up the week before a matric farewell or wedding.


Some products may differ depending on your skin treatment and the severity of your condition.  Please consult with your therapist on which products are best for you.